Sheepskin effects in the returns to education: accounting for enrolment and completion effects

ABSTRACT This paper contributes to the literature by separately analysing the signalling (or sheepskin) effects of the enrolment in and the completion of vocational education and training as well as higher education. Moreover, we investigate the persistence of these sheepskin effects over time. We take advantage of the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth, which contains … [Read More] Sheepskin effects in the returns to education: accounting for enrolment and completion effects

Improving the employment rates of people with disabilities through vocational education

ABSTRACT During the 2001-8 period, the employment rate of people with a disability remained remarkably low in most western economies, hardly responding to better macroeconomic conditions and favourable anti-discrimination legislation and interventions. Continuing health and productivity improvements in the general population are leaving people with disabilities behind, unable to play their role and have their … [Read More] Improving the employment rates of people with disabilities through vocational education

Care services for older people in Europe – workforce issues

SUMMARY – Extract This report is published (March 2011) at a time when Europe stands at a crossroads. The economic crisis, austerity measures and the proposed European economic governance package risk not only to increase poverty and social exclusion but to have a devastating impact on the potential to build a sustainable and cohesive Europe. … [Read More] Care services for older people in Europe – workforce issues

Crossing boundaries and colliding worlds – The politics of prekindergarten education

An introduction to a special issue of the journal Educational Policy, focusing on the role of policy in the tension between public and private provision of early education services SOURCE: Educational Policy 25, 1, pp. 5-8 Brotherhood staff – please contact the Library if you would like full text access to this article

Health-related quality of life in older adults – Testing the double jeopardy hypothesis

The double jeopardy hypothesis posits that racial minority elderly suffer a double disadvantage to health due to the interactive effects of age and race. Empirical examinations have found mixed support for the proposition that the aging process heightens the health disadvantage for racial minorities compared to whites. Race-by-age differences are tested using a health-related quality … [Read More] Health-related quality of life in older adults – Testing the double jeopardy hypothesis

How did 50+ workers fare in 2010? (US)

ABSTRACT Unemployment rates remained high for the 47.5 million workers age 50 and older in 2010. More than half of unemployed workers this age were out of work for more than six months, and nearly a third were out of work for more than a year. Workers age 50 to 61—too young to qualify for … [Read More] How did 50+ workers fare in 2010? (US)

Role of local partnerships in countering employment effects of recession in Europe

Local employment initiatives involving the cooperation of various public and private stakeholders are the focus of this study. The report examines how such local partnerships have been and are being used across the EU and Norway to prevent or counteract the effects of the economic crisis on labour markets. Examples vary of local public-private partnerships … [Read More] Role of local partnerships in countering employment effects of recession in Europe

Equitable treatment of native title compensation and benefits

The Discussion Paper notes at the outset (p.4) that the Australian government regards native title agreement-making and resulting benefit sharing agreements as playing a potential role in its overarching policy goal to Close the Gap. This is not a surprising government objective, but it needs to be recognised as the government’s objective and not one … [Read More] Equitable treatment of native title compensation and benefits

What crisis? – Wellbeing and the Australian quality of life

Australians like nothing more than celebrating national success in sport. There isn’t the same excitement when it comes to United Nations tables ranking for social progress. And yet last November, the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) annual study of global wellbeing placed Australia very close to the top when it came to quality of life … [Read More] What crisis? – Wellbeing and the Australian quality of life

Living up to human rights in Australia – Observations on granting asylum

On October 24, 2010, sixty-two people arrived by boat on Christmas Island, (ABC News 2010a) an isolated piece of Australian territory that the Howard government removed from the Migration Zone (the area within which a person can apply for a visa) in the Migration Amendment Excision from Migration Zone) Act 2001. Under this legislation, asylum … [Read More] Living up to human rights in Australia – Observations on granting asylum

Carbon tax rate considerations

The Government’s recent proposal for tackling rising levels of Australian greenhouse gas emissions is a two-stage carbon price mechanism. The first stage of the scheme is a carbon tax. After three to five years, this will be transitioned into stage two, a cap-and-trade emissions trading scheme (ETS). The details of this architecture are unconfirmed, and … [Read More] Carbon tax rate considerations

What is it like to be at home – the experiences of five-to seven-year-old Finnish children (EU)

What kind of place is the home for the children of today’s world where the tight working pace and schedules frame children’s lives and transitions between home and day care? The primary significance and value of home is unquestionable for children’s development and rarely have the adults stopped in order to listen to the children’s … [Read More] What is it like to be at home – the experiences of five-to seven-year-old Finnish children (EU)

Help after a rainy day? The poor also deserve that – Gerard Brody in the National Times

My family and I have been among the many empathising with the terrible stories of loss and destruction after the recent disasters in Queensland, Victoria and Western Australia. I’m sure I’m not alone in checking my insurance policies – it seems a common reflex for many of us. For those fleeing their homes, that crumpled … [Read More] Help after a rainy day? The poor also deserve that – Gerard Brody in the National Times

Tackling youth unemployment and exclusion in Europe

This report presents the key findings from a review of recent literature and research on youth employment and social exclusion, and a review of some successful approaches when addressing unemployment in excluded youth. The report is meant to help practitioners trying to develop and carry out successful actions to support young people, who are excluded … [Read More] Tackling youth unemployment and exclusion in Europe

Identifying high-quality centre-based childcare using quantitative data-sets – What the numbers do and don’t tell us

A study of the consistency and correspondence over time of three center based quality measures: the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised, the Infant-Toddler Environment Rating Scale, and Australia’s nationally administered Quality Improvement and Accreditation System, based on two sources of quantitative data collected over five years at 74 full-day child care centers in Australia SOURCE: … [Read More] Identifying high-quality centre-based childcare using quantitative data-sets – What the numbers do and don’t tell us

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