Trends and recent developments in income inequality in Australia – ASSA

The 2011 Fay Gale Lecture will be presented by Associate Professor Denise Doiron on the theme Trends and Recent Developments in Income Inequality in Australia. The lecture will be presented first at Assoc Professor Doiron’s home university, the University of New South Wales, on 20 September 2011, and then at the University of Western Australia … [Read More] Trends and recent developments in income inequality in Australia – ASSA

Poverty and social protection in Britain: policy developments since 1997

ABSTRACT The goal of abolishing child poverty within a generation in Britain was set out by the New Labour government in 1999. It was pursued by means of promoting paid work, increasing selective benefits to make work pay and promoting prevention of some of the causes of poverty. Some progress was made but it fell … [Read More] Poverty and social protection in Britain: policy developments since 1997

Training and retirement – IZA (EU)

ABSTRACT This paper presents results on the effect of formal life-long learning on the decision to retire early. Specifically, I estimate an Option Value model based on individual employer-employee longitudinal data including comprehensive government co-sponsored training records dating back more than 30 years. Human capital theory predicts that the amount of training and the length … [Read More] Training and retirement – IZA (EU)

Child care subsidies, maternal well-being, and child-parent interactions: Evidence from three nationally representative datasets – IZA (EU)

ABSTRACT A complete account of the U.S. child care subsidy system requires an understanding of its implications for both parental and child well-being. Although the effects of child care subsidies on maternal employment and child development have been recently studied, many other dimensions of family well-being have received little attention. This paper attempts to fill … [Read More] Child care subsidies, maternal well-being, and child-parent interactions: Evidence from three nationally representative datasets – IZA (EU)

Hours of work and retirement behavior – IZA (EU)

ABSTRACT Using a novel dataset from the 2006 Portuguese Labor Force Survey this paper examines the impact of a voluntary reduction in hours of work, before retirement, on the moment of exit from the labor force. If, as often suggested, flexibility in hours of work is a useful measure to postpone retirement, then a reduction … [Read More] Hours of work and retirement behavior – IZA (EU)

Bumpy Rides: School to work transitions in South Africa

ABSTRACT Re-enrollment in school following a period of dropout is a common feature of the South African school to work transition that has been largely ignored in both the literature on South Africa and the wider literature on sequential schooling choice. In this paper, I quantify the importance of the option to re-enroll in the … [Read More] Bumpy Rides: School to work transitions in South Africa

Vocational high school or vocational college?: comparing the transitions from school to work (Spain)

ABSTRACT Using a specific micro-dataset with information on working histories, we analyse the labour market entry of Spanish youths who have completed vocational education. According to the education system, young people can enter the labour market with vocational high school (upper secondary education) or with vocational college (tertiary education). Both present a period of workplace … [Read More] Vocational high school or vocational college?: comparing the transitions from school to work (Spain)

Virtual models of long-term care – Educational Gerontology

ABSTRACT Nursing homes, assisted living facilities and home-care organizations, use web sites to describe their services to potential consumers. This virtual ethnographic study developed models representing how potential consumers may understand this information using data from web sites of 69 long-term-care providers. The content of long-term-care web sites can be understood based on common concepts … [Read More] Virtual models of long-term care – Educational Gerontology

Concept of care, caring expectations, and caring frustrations of the elderly suffering from chronic illness – Educational Gerontology

ABSTRACT While it is true that elderly concepts of care and caring expectations have been ascertained in previous literatures, little is known about how the elderly population views caring frustrations—particularly that of the Filipino elderly. This study purports to surface the lebenswelt of healthcare expectations and frustrations based on the repondents’ concept of care. A … [Read More] Concept of care, caring expectations, and caring frustrations of the elderly suffering from chronic illness – Educational Gerontology

Early childhood teachers as socializers of young children’s emotional competence – Early Childhood Education Journal

ABSTRACT Young children’s emotional competence—regulation of emotional expressiveness and experience when necessary, and knowledge of their own and other’s emotions—is crucial for social and academic (i.e., school) success. Thus, it is important to understand the mechanisms of how young children develop emotional competence. Both parents and teachers are considered as important socializers of emotion, providing … [Read More] Early childhood teachers as socializers of young children’s emotional competence – Early Childhood Education Journal

The reality of the gender wage gap – The Conversation

As long as people see the gender wage gap as normal, society has a problem. This view is illustrated in a comment by Jeremy Sammut on a Centre for Independent Studies email newsletter: “Forget that the decision is based on dodgy comparisons – why should someone with a three-year social work degree have income parity … [Read More] The reality of the gender wage gap – The Conversation

Which children benefit from non-parental care? – Economics of Education Review

An econometric study of the relationship between children’s behavioral outcomes and full-time and part-time parental, non-parental, center-based, and kindergarten/preschool care, care quality, carer/child ratio, and parental socioeconomic background, based on data from over 3000 children in an Australian longitudinal survey. (Based on data from 2004 and 2006 waves of the birth cohort of the Longitudinal … [Read More] Which children benefit from non-parental care? – Economics of Education Review

The rise and fall of neighbourhood in the New Labour era (UK)

ABSTRACT ‘Neighbourhood’ was a key political and administrative concept for the New Labour administration and was the spatial focus for a proliferation of initiatives in the early period. Yet since 2006, the appeal and use of ‘neighbourhood’ have waned as evidence of the impact of neighbourhood interventions over the last decade has emerged, along with … [Read More] The rise and fall of neighbourhood in the New Labour era (UK)

Area effects across life course on physical capability in mid-life (UK)

ABSTRACT A major limitation of past work linking area socioeconomic conditions to health in mid-life has been the reliance on single point in time measurement of area. Using the MRC National Survey of Health and Development, this study for the first time linked place of residence at three major life periods of childhood (1950), young … [Read More] Area effects across life course on physical capability in mid-life (UK)

Engaging the reluctant? Service learning, interpersonal contact, and attitudes toward homeless individuals –

This article examines the extent to which service-learning courses affect students’ attitudes and opinions. Elsewhere, we used a pre/postsurvey field experiment to demonstrate that volunteering with a homeless person tends to erode the stereotypes held by the domiciled—a confirmation of the venerable contact hypothesis. Here we use the same research design to assess whether students … [Read More] Engaging the reluctant? Service learning, interpersonal contact, and attitudes toward homeless individuals –

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