Self-reported health of people living in deprived areas (UK)

ABSTRACT Data from the longitudinal West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study: Health in the Community was used to examine whether, over a 20 year period, the self-reported health of people living in deprived areas became poorer faster compared to those living in more affluent areas. Three cohorts (born in the early 1930s, 1950s and 1970s) are … [Read More] Self-reported health of people living in deprived areas (UK)

“Understanding Miller” locational disadvantage project – Inside Story

“Locational disadvantage” has an enormous impact on the lives of residents in many Australian suburbs. But an experiment in Sydney’s 2168 postcode area is yielding results. Miller is a Sydney suburb of “locational disadvantage”  and matches all the usual indicators: low education levels, unemployment, poverty, family dysfunction, and mental health and drug and alcohol problems. … [Read More] “Understanding Miller” locational disadvantage project – Inside Story

Hidden Value: Demonstrating the extraordinary impact of women’s voluntary and community organisations – WRC & NEC (UK)

EXECUTIVE SUMMMARY – Extract Research by the Women’s Resource Centre (UK) found that on average, over five years, for every £1 invested in women’s services, between £5 and £11 worth of social value is generated for women, their families and the State. Women’s organisations “seek to improve the status and situation of women”. Embedded in … [Read More] Hidden Value: Demonstrating the extraordinary impact of women’s voluntary and community organisations – WRC & NEC (UK)

Investing in high-quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) – OECD

Why talk about ECEC as an investment? An investment is simply a way of looking at costs and benefits in different periods of time. So if you spend a dollar, euro or yen today on ECEC, what benefits can you expect this spending to generate in future years? Benefits can be financial benefits or non-monetary … [Read More] Investing in high-quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) – OECD

Adult outcomes as a function of an early childhood educational program: An Abecedarian Project follow-up – childcarecanada.org (CA)

ABSTRACT Adult (age 30) educational, economic, and social-emotional adjustment outcomes were investigated for participants in the Abecedarian Project, a randomized controlled trial of early childhood education for children from low-income families. Of the original 111 infants enrolled (98% African American), 101 took part in the age 30 follow-up. Primary indicators of educational level, economic status, … [Read More] Adult outcomes as a function of an early childhood educational program: An Abecedarian Project follow-up – childcarecanada.org (CA)

Back to school for dementia design – AAA

Well known ways of designing living spaces for people with dementia are still overlooked in the construction of many aged care facilities, despite over 20 years’ research. But HammondCare’s Dementia Centre aims to empower architects, interior designers and project managers with the knowledge to change that situation at next week’s Australian Dementia Design School in … [Read More] Back to school for dementia design – AAA

Busy mums want more paid work – Australian Bureau of Statistics

Men and women spend similar time undertaking all forms of work (both paid and unpaid) but some mums want more paid work hours according to the Gender Indicators, Australia publication released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) today. The rate of underemployment is twice as high for women (8%) than for men (4%). In … [Read More] Busy mums want more paid work – Australian Bureau of Statistics

Trends and recent developments in income inequality in Australia – ASSA

The 2011 Fay Gale Lecture will be presented by Associate Professor Denise Doiron on the theme Trends and Recent Developments in Income Inequality in Australia. The lecture will be presented first at Assoc Professor Doiron’s home university, the University of New South Wales, on 20 September 2011, and then at the University of Western Australia … [Read More] Trends and recent developments in income inequality in Australia – ASSA

Poverty and social protection in Britain: policy developments since 1997

ABSTRACT The goal of abolishing child poverty within a generation in Britain was set out by the New Labour government in 1999. It was pursued by means of promoting paid work, increasing selective benefits to make work pay and promoting prevention of some of the causes of poverty. Some progress was made but it fell … [Read More] Poverty and social protection in Britain: policy developments since 1997

Training and retirement – IZA (EU)

ABSTRACT This paper presents results on the effect of formal life-long learning on the decision to retire early. Specifically, I estimate an Option Value model based on individual employer-employee longitudinal data including comprehensive government co-sponsored training records dating back more than 30 years. Human capital theory predicts that the amount of training and the length … [Read More] Training and retirement – IZA (EU)

Child care subsidies, maternal well-being, and child-parent interactions: Evidence from three nationally representative datasets – IZA (EU)

ABSTRACT A complete account of the U.S. child care subsidy system requires an understanding of its implications for both parental and child well-being. Although the effects of child care subsidies on maternal employment and child development have been recently studied, many other dimensions of family well-being have received little attention. This paper attempts to fill … [Read More] Child care subsidies, maternal well-being, and child-parent interactions: Evidence from three nationally representative datasets – IZA (EU)

Hours of work and retirement behavior – IZA (EU)

ABSTRACT Using a novel dataset from the 2006 Portuguese Labor Force Survey this paper examines the impact of a voluntary reduction in hours of work, before retirement, on the moment of exit from the labor force. If, as often suggested, flexibility in hours of work is a useful measure to postpone retirement, then a reduction … [Read More] Hours of work and retirement behavior – IZA (EU)

Bumpy Rides: School to work transitions in South Africa

ABSTRACT Re-enrollment in school following a period of dropout is a common feature of the South African school to work transition that has been largely ignored in both the literature on South Africa and the wider literature on sequential schooling choice. In this paper, I quantify the importance of the option to re-enroll in the … [Read More] Bumpy Rides: School to work transitions in South Africa

Vocational high school or vocational college?: comparing the transitions from school to work (Spain)

ABSTRACT Using a specific micro-dataset with information on working histories, we analyse the labour market entry of Spanish youths who have completed vocational education. According to the education system, young people can enter the labour market with vocational high school (upper secondary education) or with vocational college (tertiary education). Both present a period of workplace … [Read More] Vocational high school or vocational college?: comparing the transitions from school to work (Spain)

Virtual models of long-term care – Educational Gerontology

ABSTRACT Nursing homes, assisted living facilities and home-care organizations, use web sites to describe their services to potential consumers. This virtual ethnographic study developed models representing how potential consumers may understand this information using data from web sites of 69 long-term-care providers. The content of long-term-care web sites can be understood based on common concepts … [Read More] Virtual models of long-term care – Educational Gerontology

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