In this study we investigate the relationship between different definitions of national citizenship, sympathy for welfare recipients, and how this relation is mediated by attitudes towards immigrants. We make use of the 2008 wave of the Belgian Political Panel Survey 2006–11, in which over 4,800 18-year-old adolescents were questioned. The results demonstrate that an agreement with both ethnic and civic definitions of national citizenship is related to reduced sympathy for welfare recipients, although the association with an ethnic view on citizenship is clearly dominant. Furthermore, these relations are almost entirely of an indirect nature: ethnic and civic citizenship attitudes are associated with negative views on immigrants, which, in turn, is the key variable that is associated with reduced sympathy for welfare recipients.
SOURCE: Vandoninck, Joost; Meeusen, Cecil and Dejaeghere, Yves. “The Relation between Ethnic and Civic Views on Citizenship, Attitudes towards Immigrants and Sympathy for Welfare Recipients.” Social Policy [First published online: 19 March 2017]
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