Cognitive Mediators of Reading Comprehension in Early Development – Contemporary School Psychology

ABSTRACT Although the empirical relationship between general intelligence and academic achievement is well established, that between specific cognitive abilities and achievement is less so. This study investigated the relationships between specific Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) cognitive abilities and reading comprehension across a large sample of children (N = 835) at different periods of reading development (grades 1–5). Results suggest … [Read More] Cognitive Mediators of Reading Comprehension in Early Development – Contemporary School Psychology

Relations between Executive Function, Behavioral Regulation, and Achievement: Moderation by family income – Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

Highlights Similar relations between EF tasks and behavioral regulation by family income EF and behavioral regulation were significantly related to academic achievement Inhibitory control and achievement were less related for Head Start versus others Few differences between EF, behavioral regulation, and achievement by family income ABSTRACT Children’s executive function (EF) and behavioral regulation skills are … [Read More] Relations between Executive Function, Behavioral Regulation, and Achievement: Moderation by family income – Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

What Happens to Students with Low Reading Proficiency at 15? Evidence from Australia – Melbourne Institute

ABSTRACT While is it widely accepted that adults with poor reading skills have inferior labour market outcomes, little is known about whether low reading proficiency in school is a precursor to inferior labour market outcomes in adulthood. We fill this gap in the literature using education and labour market information to age 25 years for participants in … [Read More] What Happens to Students with Low Reading Proficiency at 15? Evidence from Australia – Melbourne Institute

The Other Achievement Gap: Poverty and academic success.” Child Trends (US)

Extract The start of a school year should be a time of exciting new opportunities for all children, and maybe a little sadness that the summer is over. But 1 in 5 children in the United States live in poverty, which makes them likely to start the school year already behind their higher-income peers. This … [Read More] The Other Achievement Gap: Poverty and academic success.” Child Trends (US)

Do Early Life Cognitive Ability and Self-regulation Skills Explain Socio-economic Inequalities in Academic Achievement? An effect decomposition analysis in UK and Australian cohorts – Social Science & Medicine

Highlights We decomposed pathways from socio-economic disadvantage to mid-childhood academic ability. 2/3 effect of socio-economic disadvantage was direct (not through cognitive ability or self-regulation). The indirect effect was mainly through cognitive ability. Early interventions to improve cognitive ability (but not self-regulation) hold potential. But policies to alleviate social inequality remain essential for inequality reduction. ABSTRACT … [Read More] Do Early Life Cognitive Ability and Self-regulation Skills Explain Socio-economic Inequalities in Academic Achievement? An effect decomposition analysis in UK and Australian cohorts – Social Science & Medicine

Floating Downstream? Parental support and future expectations of young people from less privileged backgrounds – Sociology

ABSTRACT Here we present an analysis of young people’s orientations to the future in the context of intergenerational relations. We draw on qualitative interviews to examine how young people from less privileged backgrounds use their family as an anchor when mapping the landscape of possible futures. Further, we use extensive quantitative material from structured surveys … [Read More] Floating Downstream? Parental support and future expectations of young people from less privileged backgrounds – Sociology

Child Care Services, Socioeconomic Inequalities, and Academic Performance – Pediatrics

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine if child-care services (CCS) at a population level can reduce social inequalities in academic performance until early adolescence. Methods: A 12-year population-based prospective cohort study of families with a newborn (n = 1269). Two CCS variables were estimated: “intensity” (low, moderate, and high number of hours) and “center-based CCS type” (early … [Read More] Child Care Services, Socioeconomic Inequalities, and Academic Performance – Pediatrics

Differential Predictors of Academic Achievement: Individual and familial factor interactions with community poverty – Journal of Children and Poverty

ABSTRACT We present an analysis of the contexts within which adolescents graduate from high school and enroll in college. Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health show that adolescents’ school engagement, maternal academic monitoring, and community poverty significantly interact to explain differences in high school graduation and college enrollment rates (n?=?7100). To examine … [Read More] Differential Predictors of Academic Achievement: Individual and familial factor interactions with community poverty – Journal of Children and Poverty

Longitudinal associations between residential mobility and early academic skills among low-income children – Early Childhood Research Quarterly

Highlights Residential mobility is modestly related to academic readiness for low-income children. Moving may be an important marker for children at-risk for academic difficulties. Moving is modestly indirectly related to academic skills in elementary school. ABSTRACT The present study examines the direct and indirect relations between residential mobility during the year prior to kindergarten and … [Read More] Longitudinal associations between residential mobility and early academic skills among low-income children – Early Childhood Research Quarterly

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