Working Memory Plasticity and Aging- Psychology & Aging 

ABSTRACT The present research explores how the trajectory of learning on a working memory task changes throughout the life span, and whether gains in working memory performance are exclusively a question of initial working memory capacity (WMC) or whether age exerts an independent effect. In a large, cross-sectional study of younger, middle-aged, and older adults, … [Read More] Working Memory Plasticity and Aging- Psychology & Aging 

Poverty, Family Chronic-stress and Children’s Development – A selection of articles form various sources

A selection of articles form various sources Assessing Perceptions of Culture and Trauma in an Elementary School: Informing a Model for Culturally Responsive Trauma-Informed Schools / LV Blitz, EM Anderson, M Saastamoinen – The Urban Review — … factors often associated with childhood adversity (Felitti and Anda 2010), may also impact family involvement. … better understand what the school … [Read More] Poverty, Family Chronic-stress and Children’s Development – A selection of articles form various sources

5-HTTLPR Polymorphism is Linked to Neural Mechanisms of Selective Attention in Preschoolers from Lower Socioeconomic Status Backgrounds – Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Highlights We investigated associations between 5-HTTLPR genotypes and selective attention Lower SES children aged 3-5 completed an ERP selective attention task Children with at least one short 5-HTTLPR allele had larger ERP attention effects The short allele is linked to enhanced neural mechanisms of attention in children This lays the groundwork for gene-by-environment studies involving … [Read More] 5-HTTLPR Polymorphism is Linked to Neural Mechanisms of Selective Attention in Preschoolers from Lower Socioeconomic Status Backgrounds – Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Systematic Review of Mindfulness Induced Neuroplasticity in Adults: Potential areas of interest for the maturing adolescent brain – Journal of Childhood & Developmental Disorders

ABSTRACT We present a systematic review of studies documenting neural functional alterations after mindfulness training in adult samples. Adolescence is a critical developmental period characterised by the late maturation of the prefrontal cortex and functional stabilisation, processes that are both genetically led and experience dependent. Thus adolescence could be an opportunity to redress the developmental trajectory. Adjustment problems may evolve … [Read More] Systematic Review of Mindfulness Induced Neuroplasticity in Adults: Potential areas of interest for the maturing adolescent brain – Journal of Childhood & Developmental Disorders

Systematic Review of Mindfulness Induced Neuroplasticity in Adults: Potential areas of interest for the maturing adolescent brain – Journal of Childhood & Developmental Disorders

ABSTRACT We present a systematic review of studies documenting neural functional alterations after mindfulness training in adult samples. Adolescence is a critical developmental period characterised by the late maturation of the prefrontal cortex and functional stabilisation, processes that are both genetically led and experience dependent. Thus adolescence could be an opportunity to redress the developmental trajectory. Adjustment problems may evolve … [Read More] Systematic Review of Mindfulness Induced Neuroplasticity in Adults: Potential areas of interest for the maturing adolescent brain – Journal of Childhood & Developmental Disorders

Neural reuse in the organization and development of the brain – Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology

ABSTRACT Neural reuse is the process by which neural elements originally developed for one purpose are put to many different subsequent uses. In this brief review I will outline the role of neural reuse in the development of the brain. Special attention will be paid to elucidating and differentiating between two different mechanisms of neurocognitive … [Read More] Neural reuse in the organization and development of the brain – Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology

Neuroplasticity and Young Children with Autism: A Tutorial – Anatomy & Physiology

ABSTRACT Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability characterized by deficits in social communication and social interaction skills, as well as repetitive patterns of behaviors, interests, and activities. Theories related to neuroplasticity and brain development before 3 years of age lend support the notion of critical periods during which cortical circuits in the brain are refined by … [Read More] Neuroplasticity and Young Children with Autism: A Tutorial – Anatomy & Physiology

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Posts are for information purposes and do not constitute endorsement by the Brotherhood of St Laurence