Children’s brains develop at an extraordinary rate during the first few years of their lives, particularly from birth to age four. In normal conditions, a baby’s brain will double in size during the first year of life and grow to 90 percent of its adult size by age five. The brain development that occurs during these early years provides the foundation, or hardware, for all future development. Children who grow up in healthy and supportive environments tend to develop more neural connections and demonstrate higher cognitive and socio-emotional intelligence later in life than those who grow up in lacking supportive environments.
SOURCE: Engster D. and Moore Q. “Better Brains, Better Futures: Evidence-Based Policies for Supporting Children’s Early Brain Development.” Baker Institute, 2018.
Produced by the librarians at the Brotherhood of St Laurence in Melbourne, Australia