American society values education. The inherent benefit to both the individual and society at large led to compulsory education being legislated nationally by the early 1900s (“Compulsory”, n.d.). In today’s context advanced education beyond the compulsory, or primary and secondary, levels, is especially important because higher educational attainment leads to better individual economic outcomes, opportunities for advancement in the workforce, and a stronger economy overall (Ma, Pender, & Welch, 2016). Therefore, assisting students in completing postsecondary education is an ongoing mission for all types of educational institutions and can be especially true for institutions serving low-income and/or minority populations. Within the context of a competitive market, shifting funding sources, and a new regulatory environment, the purpose of this paper is not to examine educational attainment, but rather to research student drop out, or withdrawal, at the post-secondary job training institution of Center for Employment Training (CET). The foremost research questions to be answered are what are the characteristics of students who withdraw from job training programs provided by Center for Employment Training, and what factors may influence withdrawal.
SOURCE: Amy Lawrence. “Student Withdrawals in a Job Training Program.” San Jose State University, May 2019.
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