We develop and analyze comprehensive, multi-item scales of the quality of Australian jobs, using the rich measures of job characteristics from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey. Through exploratory methods and multidimensional Item Response Theory modeling, we uncover four gender-specific scales that describe the autonomy, demands/engagement, compensation adequacy, and security of jobs. From 2001 to 2016, women’s job demands/engagement and compensation adequacy grew noticeably, and men’s job demands/engagement grew somewhat. Since the mid-2000s, women’s and men’s job security have fallen. Job quality rises with job tenure, work experience, and health and falls following involuntary job changes.
SOURCE: David C. Ribar and Mark Wooden. “Four Dimensions of Quality in Australian Jobs.” Melbourne Institute Working Paper No. 07/19, August 2019.
The Brotherhood of St Laurence acknowledges and recognises the Traditional Owners of the land upon which we live and work, and we pay our respects to their Elders both past and present.