This report summarizes the findings from New York City’s implementation of the Jobs-Plus Community Revitalization Initiative for Public Housing Residents (Jobs-Plus) program, designed to boost employment and earnings for public housing residents. The evaluation combined interviews and focus groups with staff and participants with analysis of data on Jobs-Plus participation, public housing residency, and quarterly earnings before and after implementation. The evaluation found that JobsPlus increased employment and earnings for participants. We attribute this to the program’s ability to provide personal, culturally competent employment services and cultivate a network of employers interested in hiring Jobs-Plus participants. The program also intended to increase employment and earnings for all residents living in its targeted public housing developments. Our evaluation found mixed evidence that the program slightly improved employment rates for residents of the targeted developments and found no evidence that it improved earnings. We attribute this lack of impact primarily to two factors. First, the Jobs-Plus providers might not have assisted a high enough proportion of residents to change overall trends within the developments. Second, our evaluation could not capture the program’s impact on the many participants who lived in the targeted developments but were not officially listed on the lease and were thus not included in our data.
SOURCE: Leopold, J. Anderson, T. McDaniel, M. Hayes, C. “Helping Public Housing Residents Find Jobs and Build Careers.” Urban Institute, September 2019.
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