The paper will elaborate on the tension field of power and creativity by examining the relationship between supranational – that is, European – governance, and regionally or locally situated educational practice. Over the past 30 years, European governance has increasingly influenced how adult education is provided, thanks to increasingly intensive strategies of governance (Schemmann 2007). The European Social Fund is one instrument through which the EU has become a powerful actor in the field of education. At first sight, educational policy appear as mechanisms of power, being heavily focused on control, as evidenced through the increasing funding regulations which limit the space for agency for adult educators and for adult learners. A closer look, however, reveals how regional actors employ creative strategies to carry out the complex business of European project work.
SOURCE: Beatrix Niemeyer & Sebastian Zick. “Working the boundaries of spaces for agency in adult education.” Hans Böckler Foundation, 2019.
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