The Abecedarian Approach to Social, Educational, and Health Disparities. / Ramey, Craig T (2018) Clinical child and family psychology review DOI: 10.1007/s10567-018-0260-y ISSN: 1096-4037 PMID: 29637322 — This paper places the Abecedarian Approach in theoretical and historical context and reviews the results from three randomized controlled trials that have tested an experimental protocol designed to prevent cognitive disabilities and their social consequences. Results affirm that cognitive disabilities can be prevented in early childhood and subsequent academic achievement enhanced via a multipronged comprehensive approach that contains individualized and responsive early childhood education starting in early infancy, coupled with pediatric health care, good nutrition, and family-oriented social services.
Aggressive behaviour in childhood and adolescence: the role of smoking during pregnancy, evidence from four twin cohorts in the EU-ACTION consortium. / Malanchini, Margherita er al. (2018) Psychological medicine DOI: 10.1017/S0033291718001344 ISSN: 0033-2917 Pages: 1-9 PMID: 29886849 — Maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) has been linked to offspring’s externalizing problems. It has been argued that socio-demographic factors (e.g. maternal age and education), co-occurring environmental risk factors, or pleiotropic genetic effects may account for the association between MSDP and later outcomes. This study provides a comprehensive investigation of the association between MSDP and a single harmonized component of externalizing: aggressive behaviour, measured throughout childhood and adolescence.
Antenatal and Postnatal Determinants of Behavioural Difficulties in Early Childhood: Evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand. / D’Souza, Stephanie; Waldie, Karen E; Peterson, Elizabeth R; Underwood, Lisa; Morton, Susan M B (2018) Child psychiatry and human development DOI: 10.1007/s10578-018-0816-6 ISSN: 0009-398X PMID: 29860616 — Behavioural difficulties during early childhood have significant implications for multiple outcomes later in life. Child behavioural difficulties at 2 years of age (N?=?6246) were assessed by mothers enrolled in a longitudinal, population-based New Zealand cohort study. 10.1% of children had total difficulties scores in the abnormal range on the preschool version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire.
Center-based early care and education and children’s school readiness: Do impacts vary by neighborhood poverty? / Morrissey, Taryn W; Vinopal, Katie (2018) Developmental psychology DOI: 10.1037/dev0000470 ISSN: 0012-1649 Volume: 54 Issue: 4 Pages: 757-771 PMID: 29154645 — Neighborhoods provide resources that may affect children’s achievement or moderate the influences of other developmental contexts, such as early care and education (ECE). Using a sample (N ? 12,430) from the 2010-2011 Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort, merged with census tract-level poverty data from the 2008-2012 American Community Survey, this article examines associations between center-based ECE participation, neighborhood poverty, and children’s academic skills and behavior at kindergarten entry.
The Changing Landscape of Early Childhood Education: Implications for Policy and Practice / Haslip, Michael J.; Gullo, Dominic F. ERIC Educational Resources Information Center (2018) Early Childhood Education Journal — Early childhood education is changing rapidly due to the dynamic nature of positive and negative trends affecting the profession. In this article, the changing landscape of early childhood education is discussed and analyzed. Both the positive and negative forces contributing to the changing landscape are examined.
Early-life conditions and health at older ages: The mediating role of educational attainment, family and employment trajectories. / Arpino, Bruno; Gumà, Jordi; Julià, Albert
(2018) PloS one DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0195320 ISSN: 1932-6203 Volume: 13 Issue: 4 Pages: e0195320 PMID: 29621290 — We examine to what extent the effect of early-life conditions (health and socioeconomic status) on health in later life is mediated by educational attainment and life-course trajectories (fertility, partnership, employment). Using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (N = 12,034), we apply, separately by gender, multichannel sequence analysis and cluster analysis to obtain groups of similar family and employment histories. The KHB method is used to disentangle direct and indirect effects of early-life conditions on health. Early-life-conditions indirectly impact on health in later life as result of their influence on education and family and employment trajectories.
Educational and emotional health outcomes in adolescence following maltreatment in early childhood: A population-based study of protective factors. / Khambati, Nisreen; Mahedy, Liam; Heron, Jon; Emond, Alan (2018) Child abuse & neglect DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.05.008 ISSN: 0145-2134 Volume: 81 Pages: 343-353 PMID: 29793149 — Although childhood maltreatment is associated with long-term impairment, some children function well despite this adversity. This study aimed to identify the key protective factors for good educational attainment and positive emotional health in adolescents who experienced maltreatment in early childhood. Data were analyzed from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a large UK prospective cohort study. The sample was defined by maternally reported exposure to physical or emotional maltreatment by a parent prior to 5 years. 1118 (8.0%) children were emotionally maltreated and 375 (2.7%) were physically maltreated before the age of 5.
Healthy Aging After Age 65: A Life-Span Health Production Function Approach. / Ferdows, Nasim B; Jensen, Gail A; Tarraf, Wassim (2018) Research on Aging DOI: 10.1177/0164027517713312 ISSN: 0164-0275 Volume: 40 Issue: 5 Pages: 480-507 PMID: 28610549 — This article examines the determinants of healthy aging using Grossman’s framework of a health production function. Healthy aging, sometimes described as successful aging, is produced using a variety of inputs, determined in early life, young adulthood, midlife, and later life. A healthy aging production function is estimated using nationally representative data from the 2010 and 2012 Health and Retirement Study on 7,355 noninstitutionalized seniors. Using a simultaneous equation mediation model, we quantify how childhood factors contribute to healthy aging, both directly and indirectly through their effects on mediating adult outcomes.
Influence of early-life risk factors on socioeconomic inequalities in weight gain. / Iguacel, Isabel; Chung, Alexandra; Gearon, Emma; Moreno, Luis A; Peeters, Anna; Backholer, Kathryn
(2018) Journal of Public Health (Oxford, England) DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdy056 ISSN: 1741-3842 PMID: 29608712 — Previous research has examined the role of early-life risk factors on childhood weight gain.The extent to which these factors drive socioeconomic differences in weight is unclear. We aimed to quantify the influence of early-life risk factors on the development of socioeconomic inequalities in children’s body mass index (BMI) z-score at 10-11 years. Overall, 2186 children from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children were examined. Socioeconomic position (SEP) was measured as a continuous composite of parent’s education, occupation and income.
Lifespan Socioeconomic Context: Associations with Cognitive Functioning in Later Life. / Scott, April B; Reed, Rebecca G; Garcia-Willingham, Natasha E; Lawrence, Karen A; Segerstrom, Suzanne C (2018) The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences DOI: 10.1093/geronb/gby071 ISSN: 1079-5014 PMID: 29878250 — Early socioeconomic status (SES) correlates with later-life cognition. However, the effect of socioeconomic context (SEC), which reflects influences from broader ecological contexts, has not been examined. The present study developed a measure of SEC using lifetime residential addresses and examined SEC and residential mobility effects on later-life cognition.
Predicting Temperamentally Inhibited Young Children’s Clinical-Level Anxiety and Internalizing Problems from Parenting and Parent Wellbeing: a Population Study / JK Bayer et al. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology — The aim of this study was to explore how some temperamentally inhibited young children and not others in the general population develop anxiety disorders and broader clinical-level internalizing (anxious/depressive) problems, with a focus on the family. A brief screening tool for inhibition was universally distributed to parents of children in their year before starting school across eight socioeconomically diverse government areas in Melbourne, Australia (307 preschool services). Screening identified 11% of all children as inhibited. We invited all parents of inhibited children to participate in a longitudinal prevention study.
Recurrent Childhood Animal Cruelty and Its Link to Recurrent Adult Interpersonal Violence. / Trentham, Caleb E; Hensley, Christopher; Policastro, Christina (2018) International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology DOI: 10.1177/0306624X17720175 ISSN: 0306-624X Volume: 62 Issue: 8 Pages: 2345-2356 PMID: 28709385 — In the early 1960s, researchers began to examine the potential link between childhood animal cruelty and future interpersonal violence. Findings since then have been inconsistent in establishing a relationship between the two. This may be due to researchers failing to measure the recurrency of childhood animal abuse and the recurrency of later violent acts committed in adulthood.
Relationship Conflict, Work Conditions, and the Health of Mothers With Young Children / E Cozzolino, KC Prickett, R Crosnoe – Journal of Family Issues, 2018 — Past research has shown that marital conflict is associated with poorer health among women and that new children come with declines in relationship quality and increased stress. The primary aim of this study was to explore how these two patterns converge—and what might buffer the risks of both to women’s health. We do so by examining the potential for paid work, more often thought of as a stressor for women managing family roles and relationships, to help women weather tensions at home while raising young children.
Technology-based functional assessment in early childhood intervention: a pilot study. / Khetani, Mary A; McManus, Beth M; Arestad, Kristen; Richardson, Zachary; Charlifue-Smith, Renee; Rosenberg, Cordelia; Rigau, Briana (2018) Pilot and feasibility studies DOI: 10.1186/s40814-018-0260-1 ISSN: 2055-5784 Volume: 4 Pages: 65 PMID: 29588860 — The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of implementing technology-based functional assessment into EI practice and to examine child, family, service, and environmental correlates of caregiver-reported child functioning in the home. In a cross-sectional design, eight individual EI providers participated in a 90-min technology-based functional assessment training to recruit participants and a 60-min semi-structured focus group post data collection.
SOURCE: Early Childhood Development & Life Transitions – A selection of articles from various sources
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