The basic building blocks for the child’s physical, cognitive, social and emotional development are set in the early years of life in the context of the family and the community at large (Bronfenbrenner, 1979; Sameroff, 1975). The development of children from disadvantaged environments is impaired since they are exposed to cumulative environmental risk factors (Evans, 2004). There is ample evidence regarding the negative effects of environmental conditions on the development and educational outcomes of children (Black, Hess, & Berenson-Howard, 2000; Murnane, 2007; Zigler, Gilliam, & Jones, 2006). Those children who are subject to inequitable conditions tend to lag far behind their peers (Brooks-Gunn & Duncan, 1997; Lamb, Land, Meadows, & Traylor, 2005; Lee & Burkman, 2002) and the developmental gap expands in later years (Berrueta-Clement, Schweinhart, Barnett, Epstein, & Weikart, 1986; Hess, 1970; Klerman, 1991; Lamb et al., 2005; Lazar & Darlington, 1982; Pehrson & Robinson, 1990)…
SOURCE: Sevda Bekman & Aylin Atmaca Koçak. “The Mother-Child Education Program in Five Countries.” MCEFP, June 2010.
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