Extract from an article by Laurence Troy, Hazel Easthope and Laura Crommelin
This article is the second in a series based on new research into the place of lower-income and disadvantaged households in a compact city.
Last year marked the first time that construction began on more higher-density housing in Australia than detached dwellings.
While many may claim this as a success for “compact city” policies, the negative consequences of this transition disproportionately affect lower-income and disadvantaged households. This is partly because of what our apartment buildings are like to live in, as yesterday’s piece in this series showed.
But there are also aspects of neighbourhoods with lots of high-density development that compound the challenges lower-income and vulnerable residents face. In our research for Shelter NSW, we identify two key problems at the neighbourhood scale: gentrification and poor infrastructure.
Further reading: This is why apartment living is different for the poor
Australia’s market-led development model underpins the gentrification reshaping our cities. This gentrification hurts lower-income residents in two main ways:
- it changes neighbourhoods for the residents who remain; and
- it pushes people out of these neighbourhoods to more disadvantaged areas.
How high-density development changes neighbourhoods
Further reading: When a suburb’s turn for gentrification comes
The term originally referred to middle-class residents fixing up old homes in inner-city areas. Researchers now argue higher-density urban renewal is also driving gentrification in three main ways..(continues)
SOURCE: Laurence Troy, Hazel Easthope and Laura Crommelin, “It’s not just the buildings, high-density neighbourhoods make life worse for the poor”, The Conversation
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