In this study, we aimed to identify which of certain demographic and socioeconomic groups in the oldest part of the population that have an increased probability of experiencing simultaneous disadvantages in different life domains – here termed coexisting disadvantages. To do so, we compared analyses of coexisting disadvantages, measured as two or more simultaneous disadvantages, with analyses of single disadvantages and specific combinations of disadvantages. Indicators of physical health problems, ADL limitations, psychological health problems, limited financial resources, and limited social resources were included.We used nationally representative data from 2011 on people aged 76 and older in Sweden (n = 765). Results showed that coexisting disadvantages were associated with specific demographic and socio-economic groups, particularly certain marital status groups. Moreover, the differences between the demographic and socio-economic groups were only found for those who reported coexisting disadvantages, and not for those who reported only one disadvantage, which suggests that demographic and social factors become more important as disadvantages compound. Further, we analysed pairwise combinations of disadvantages. We found that different combinations of disadvantages tended to be associated with different groups, information useful from a social planning perspective since different combinations of disadvantages may imply different needs for help and support.
SOURCE: Heap, Josephine; Fors, Stefan and Lennartsson, Carin. “Coexisting Disadvantages in Later Life: Demographic and Socio-Economic Inequalities.” Journal of Population Ageing, , Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 247–267
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