Artificial Intelligence (AI) is currently seeing major media interest, significant interest from federal agencies, and interest from society in general. From its origins in the 1950s, to early optimistic predictions of its founders, to some recent negative views put forth by the media, AI has seen its share of ups and downs in public interest. Yet the steady progress made in the past 50-60 years in basic AI research, the availability of massive amounts of data, and vast advances in computing power have now brought us to a unique and exciting phase in AI history. It is now up to us to shape the evolution of AI research.
AI can be a major force for social good; it depends in part on how we shape this new technology and the questions we use to inspire young researchers. Currently there is a significant spotlight on the future ethical, safety, and legal concerns of future applications of AI. While understanding and grappling with these concerns, and shaping the long-term future, is a legitimate aspect of future AI research and policy making decisions, we must not ignore the societal benefits that AI is delivering and can deliver in the near future, and how our actions today can shape the future of AI.
The Computing Community Consortium (CCC), along with the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), and the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), co-sponsored a public workshop on Artificial Intelligence for Social Good on June 7th, 2016 in Washington, DC. This was one of five workshops that OSTP co-sponsored and held around the country to spur public dialogue on artificial intelligence, machine learning, and to identify challenges and opportunities related to AI. In the AI for Social Good workshop, the successful deployments and the potential use of AI in various topics that are essential for social good were discussed, including but not limited to urban computing, health, environmental sustainability, and public welfare. This report highlights each of these as well as a number of crosscutting issues.
SOURCE: Hager G, Drobnis A, Fang F, Ghani R, and … “Artificial Intelligence for Social Good.” Sponsored by the Computing Community Consortium (CCC), March 2017.
Produced by the librarians at the Brotherhood of St Laurence in Melbourne, Australia