Much of the developing world is confronted with existential forms of sustainability which is focused on providing basic resources such as food, clothing, and shelter. This suffering sustainability is in marked contrast with sustainability initiatives in the developed world which focus on trying to limit the global impact of overconsumption. Those under suffering sustainability conditions are impacted by global environmental change, war and conflict, and remnant and new colonization. In many cases, problems are caused by external factors driven by western consumption or external cultural conflict. Three examples are given: sustainability challenges associated with the conflict in Yemen, palm oil production in Malaysia, and environmental challenges in the Mississippi Delta region of the American South. In addition, special consideration is given to migration and to non-government organizations.
SOURCE: Brinkmann R. (2020) Suffering Sustainability: Understanding Environmental Sustainability Within the Context of Poverty and Existential Threats. In: Environmental Sustainability in a Time of Change. Palgrave Studies in Environmental Sustainability. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, 19 October 2019.
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